新托福考试考前必备词汇集锦

词汇是托福考试备考的基础,对于这个问题,一则要扩大我们的单词量,再则要加强在上下文中理解单词的意思,这是两个基本点.还有一个有效的途径,就是熟悉机经。

ETS总是喜欢重复考点,对于单词题就更是如此。因此留学通美国部专家不辞劳苦地搜集了许多单词题的鸡精,铺列于下.左侧为文中单词,右侧为正确选项。一定要熟记于心,因为在考场上很有可能碰到原题。

so far = until present = up to now

rooted in = based on

make their way = travel

vulnerable–open to break—open to attack — weak –susceptible

perishable 容易腐烂的= easy to spoil

Seething 沸腾的 — overflowing/excited/active

float = stay on the top

be consistent with = be compatible with

property 财产,特征 = characteristic = attribute (名词意为“特征,属性”)

simulated —- artificial

sort — type — kind

staggering摇晃的; 犹豫的; 压倒的(多数) =overwhelming

string线, 绳子; 一行, 一系列 =series

swell — enlargement — expand

tract- area – terrain

symmetric 对称的,均衡的 — balance

taper 逐渐变小 — diminish — 收缩

tenet — principle/belief

turn = change

vast – immense – extensive

with the ordinary citizen‘s pocketbook = affordable

advent = arrival

affair = matter

chronic — constant – confirmed 慢性的;证实的

consequence = result/importance

counter = oppose

countervail 补偿,抵消; 对抗 = compensate/oppose

distinction = differentiation/excellence/honor

distribution = dispersion = dispersal

embed = implant

euphoric = extremely happy

flake = fragment

hinder 阻碍,打扰= interfere with

ladings 船货= cargos shipment

mandatory = required, obligatory

mundane 世俗的,平凡的= ordinary

prerequisite = something required (something needed to happen)

rather = instead 相反地/ in some degree在tain

sank (sink的过去式)= descended; dropped to the bottom

scant = minimum

sited = located

sophisticated = refined /elaborated /complex

ubiquitous 到处存在的 = common

unanimity = total agreement

spectator = viewer

sporadic = intermittent /irregular

stylus 铁笔,针状物 = pen

unconceivable = unimaginable

uniformly = evenly/ without variation/consistently

unique = sole/ distinct

warranted = authorized 授权的/justified

assume=take on 呈现/ suppose, posit 假设

foster=promote ,encourage

Plumage羽毛=feather

Composition作文,成分,混合物=mixture

relatively=comparatively

substitute=replacement

premise= assumption

within= inside

have nothing to do = in no relation to

vigorous= strong

scope=extent

extraordinary非凡的,特别的= exceptional 异常的,例外的

uneasy心神不安的,不稳定的=unstable

bulk大小,体积,大多数=major

speed 加速 = increase the rate of

spread=distribute 散布,分布

endeavor 努力= enterprise 进取心,干事业

proximity 接近= nearness

rotate=turn 转动,旋转

assertion主张,断言 = strongly statement

evidence = proof

preeminent卓越的 =foremost 最重要的

barrier障碍物=obstacle

primitive = early

sort = type

rudiment=basic

intact未被碰过的=unaffected

prize珍视 = value

lucrative 有利可图的= profitable

ineffectively=with out any result

misleading =inaccuracy

architecture =structure 结构,建筑物

accomplished完成的,熟练的=skilled,

embedded内含的,嵌入的=enclosed 被附上的

collaboration协作=joint effects

identical=the same

allow=enable

dispersal 分散,散布= distribution

hampering妨碍,牵制 = restricting

cherished珍爱的=valuable

precision = accuracy

broadly = extensively

yearly = annual

tracking = following

tolerant = endure

rather than = instead of

transformation = conversion

sample=example

crawl爬行=move

hobby业余爱好 = pastime 消遣,娱乐

inherent in = characteristic of

recharge再充电=refill再装满

devise设计,发明=create

attest to证明–confirm,

replicas复制品–copies,

extant 现存的=not extinct

be closer resemblance to=. be more like

indicate =demonstrate

thrive=flourish

fluctuating=changing

mirror反映=reflect

procure获得=obtain

paradoxically=seemingly contradictory

counsel劝告,忠告=advice.

mock嘲弄,模仿 = pretend

spectacular引人入胜的 = impressive 印象深刻的

mimic模仿,仿制品=copy

routinely = commonly

actually = in fact = virtually

revolutionize = dramatic change

initially = originally

source = origin

diversity多样性=variety

depict=portray

disassemble分解=break

archive档案 = record

attribute 属性,特征= characteristic

avid渴望的,热心的 = enthusiastic

basic = fundamental

collision = hit each other

copious 丰富的= plentiful

delight = pleasure

disintegrate分解 = tear apart

diverse = distinct

dual = double

eager = enthusiastic

endeavor = enterprise

erect矗立,建立 = build

expediency便利 = advantage

fashioned out of = made from

immigration = movement

infrastructure 基础设施= foundation

locale 场所= place

mean平均值;卑贱的;吝啬的 = average

myriad = innumerable == innumerous

peak = maximum

rate估价,鉴定等级= classify分类,分等

Save for 除。。。之外= Except for

seize抓住 = take

tie = relation

volume = quantity

wholly = completely

Within the ordinary citizen’s pocket book = affordable

ally with 与。。。结盟–link to

aware of=familiar with

bulk=great quantity =majority

ferry摆渡,渡运==transport

hint暗示,提示 = indication

implausible=unbelievable

launch—start

of legitimacy=lawful

of likelihood = probable

minute=tiny

misconception=wrong idea

offset抵消,弥补=balance

omit遗漏= exclude

onset=beginning

经常扫视,经常瞧瞧,培养感情,尤其考托前两三天一定再瞄几眼,考场上妙不可言。

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